Презентация к уроку английского языка "PC–Personal Computer"14.05.2018 40 13 Воропаева Татьяна Григорьевна
A device that computes, especially a programmable electronic machine that performs high-speed mathematical or logical operations or that assembles processes information.
History of computers
Considered a “father of the computer” Charles Babbage(1791-1871) is credited with inventing the first mechanical computer that eventually led to more complex designs.
First Generation 1940-1956: Vacuum Tubes The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and memory, and were often enormous taking up entire
Second Generation 1956-1963: Transistors
Transistors replaced vacuum tubes and ushered in the second generation of computers. The transistor was invented in 1947 but did not see widespread use in computers until the late 50s
Third Generation 1964-1971: Integrated Circuits
The development of the integrated circuit was the hallmark of the third generation of computers Transistors were miniaturized and placed on silicon chips, called semiconductors, which drastically increased the speed and efficiency of computers
Fourth Generation 1971-Present:Microprocessors
The microprocessor brought the fourth generation of computers, as thousands of integrated circuits were built onto a single silicon chip
Fifth Generation of Computers
Fifth generation computing devices, based on artificial intelligence, are still in development, though there are some applications, such as voice recognition, that are being used today
Computer hardware is the collection of physical elements that constitute a computer system
Computer software, or just software, is any set of machine-readable instructions that directs a computer’s processor to perform specific operations
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